The recent ongoing border issue between India and Nepal has been focused on Kalapani-Luplekh areas. The disputed areas have been claimed by both countries and Nepal recently published a new map including those areas. The Indian Government rejected the new map of Nepal.
Although Nepal has some historical evidence showing the areas of Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura and even when Indian’s official document shows Limpiyadhura is the real source of Kali river. However, India is just not ready to let go off those areas.
Three reasons why India wants to hold on Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura
1. Strategic Importance
Kalapani is a useful place in the time of war. We all know that India and China don’t share much cordial relationship. The Kalapani provides the highest point in the region and this place can be used to monitor the Chinese Movement across the border.
It has been said that after the India-China War of 62, Nepal allowed many Indian army camps to be made within Nepal including Kalapani. Even though the Indian forces withdrew many such forces, it has not done so from Kalapani as it provides much more strategic importance to China in those areas.
2. Attracts Tourists and Pilgrims
The Lipulekh pass since ancient time has been used to go to Mt.Kailash in Tibet. Mt.Kailash has a religious significance in not only Hindus but also in Buddhism and Jainism.
The Hindus regard Mt.Kailash as the abode of Lord Shiva, one of the trinity of Hindu religion. It is believed that Lord Shiva still resides there. It is also said that Pandavas and their wive Drapaudi left Hastinpaur and climbed Mt. Kailash after abdicating in favour of Parikshit( Abhimanyu’s son).
Therefore, devotees especially Hindus all over the world go to pilgrims to Mt.Kailash. Earlier, the routes used were time-consuming. The route from Kathmandu to Mt.Kailash takes 3-4 days on the drive. Similarly, if you are to fly from Kathmandu, it would be a lot expensive. Now, with Lipulekh pass in their side, the whole trekking is possible within 2.5 days.
With lower days of trekking, Lipulekh will certainly attract more tourists and therefore is a prime reason why India wants to hold on Kalapani-Lipulekh areas.
3. Easy Trade Route for India
Another reason why India wants to hold on Kalapani-Lipulekh area is because the Lipu-Lekh provides an easy trade route to import and export local products. Today, the Lipulekh pass is used for trade every year from June through September.
The main import of India from these areas are wool related items and the main export from India in these areas include spices, ghee and flour items.
What’s your say on this topic? Do comment.